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Stonehenge Series 1 of 4

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Stonehenge Series 1 of 4
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Image by -Jeffrey-
Stonehenge Set

Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument located in the English county of Wiltshire, about 2.0 miles (3.2 km) west of Amesbury and 8 miles (13 km) north of Salisbury. One of the most famous sites in the world, Stonehenge is composed of a circular setting of large standing stones set within earthworks. It is at the centre of the most dense complex of Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in England, including several hundred burial mounds.

Archaeologists believe the iconic stone monument was constructed anywhere from 3000 BC to 2000 BC. Radiocarbon dating in 2008 suggested that the first stones were erected in 2400–2200 BC, whilst another theory suggests that bluestones may have been erected at the site as early as 3000 BC.

The surrounding circular earth bank and ditch, which constitute the earliest phase of the monument, have been dated to about 3100 BC. The site and its surroundings were added to the UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites in 1986 in a co-listing with Avebury Henge monument. It is a national legally protected Scheduled Ancient Monument. Stonehenge is owned by the Crown and managed by English Heritage, while the surrounding land is owned by the National Trust.

Archaeological evidence found by the Stonehenge Riverside Project in 2008 indicates that Stonehenge could possibly have served as a burial ground from its earliest beginnings. The dating of cremated remains found on the site indicate that deposits contain human bone material from as early as 3000 BC, when the initial ditch and bank were first dug. Such deposits continued at Stonehenge for at least another 500 years.


Camp site of Daily News expedition
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Image by The Field Museum Library
Camp site of Daily News Abyssinian expedition. Passing through a village in Arussi. Men, mules, houses, trees. 1927.

Name of Expedition: Daily News Abyssinian Expedition
Participants: Wilfred Osgood, Louis Agassiz Fuertes, C. Suydam Cutting, Jack Baum, Alfred M. Bailey
Expedition Start Date: September 7, 1926
Expedition End Date: May 20, 1927
Purpose or Aims: Zoology Mammals and Birds
Location: Africa, Ethiopia [Abyssinia]

Original material: 4x5 inch interpositive film
Digital Identifier: CSZ56844

Learn more about The Field Museum's Library Photo Archives.

Bacteria on Silicon
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Image by EMSL
This scanning electron micrograph, created at DOE's Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, shows bacterial cells that accumulated on titanomagnetite iron oxide minerals upon exposure to groundwater at the Hanford site. Titanomagnetite minerals are naturally occurring metal oxides comprising one type of iron source in the mineralogy of Hanford sediments. They are potentially important to microbiological activity and contaminant transport in the subsurface. Data from this controlled experiment is providing better understanding of energy and materials transfer in the subsurface.

The image is false colored.

For more information, see www.emsl.pnl.gov.

Photo taken by Bruce Arey as part of the 2010 EMSL Science as Art Competition.

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